Publication details.

Paper

Year:2016
Author(s):T. Wernberg, S. Bennett, R.C. Babcock, T. De Bettignies, K. Cure, M. Depczynski, F. Dufois, J. Fromont, C.J. Fulton, R.K. Hovey, E.S. Harvey, T.H. Holmes, G.A. Kendrick, B. Radford, J. Santana-Garcon, B.J. Saunders, D.A. Smale, M.S. Thomsen, C.A. Tuckett, F. Tuya, M.A. Vanderklift, S. Wilson
Title:Climate-driven regime shift of a temperate marine ecosystem
Journal:SCIENCE
ISSN:0036-8075
JCR Impact Factor:37.205
Volume:353
Issue No.:6295
Pages:169-172
D.O.I.:10.1126/science.aad8745
Web:https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=84979030809&origin=inward
Abstract:Ecosystem reconfigurations arising from climate-driven changes in species distributions are expected to have profound ecological, social, and economic implications. Here we reveal a rapid climate-driven regime shift of Australian temperate reef communities, which lost their defining kelp forests and became dominated by persistent seaweed turfs. After decades of ocean warming, extreme marine heat waves forced a 100-kilometer range contraction of extensive kelp forests and saw temperate species replaced by seaweeds, invertebrates, corals, and fishes characteristic of subtropical and tropical waters.This community-wide tropicalization fundamentally altered key ecological processes, suppressing the recovery of kelp forests.

Related research groups

  • Global Change Research