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Article

Any:2016
Autor(s):J. Rodríguez-Pérez, A. Traveset
Títol:Effects of flowering phenology and synchrony on the reproductive success of a long-flowering shrub
Revista:AoB Plants
ISSN:2041-2851
JCR Impact Factor:2.238
Volum:8
Pàgines:007
D.O.I.:10.1093/aobpla/plw007
Web:https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=85010703425&origin=inward
Resum:Flowering phenology and synchrony with biotic and abiotic resources are crucial traits determining the reproductive success in insect-pollinated plants. In seasonal climates, plants flowering for long periods should assure reproductive success when resources are more predictable. In this work, we evaluated the relationship between flowering phenology and synchrony and reproductive success in Hypericum balearicum, a shrub flowering all year round but mainly during spring and summer. We studied two contrasting localities (differing mostly in rainfall) during 3 years, and at different biological scales spanning from localities to individual flowers and fruits. We first monitored (monthly) flowering phenology and reproductive success (fruit and seed set) of plants, and assessed whether in the locality with higher rainfall plants had longer flowering phenology and synchrony and relatively higher reproductive success within or outside the flowering peak. Secondly, we censused pollinators on H. balearicum individuals and measured reproductive success along the flowering peak of each locality to test for an association between (i) richness and abundance of pollinators and (ii) fruit and seed set, and seed weight. We found thatmost flowers (~90 %) and the highest fruit set (~70 %) were produced during the flowering peak of each locality. Contrary to expectations, plants in the locality with lower rainfall showedmore relaxed flowering phenology and synchrony and set more fruits outside the flowering peak. During the flowering peak of each locality, the reproductive success of early-flowering individuals depended on a combination of both pollinator richness and abundance and rainfall; by contrast, reproductive success of late-flowering individuals was most dependent on rainfall. Plant species flowering for long periods in seasonal climates, thus, appear to be ideal organisms to understand how flowering phenology and synchrony match with biotic and abiotic resources, and how this ultimately influences plant reproductive success.

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