Publication details.


Author(s):V. Tuset, M. Farré, J. Otero-Ferrer, A. Vilar, B. Morales-Nin, A. Lombarte
Title:Testing otolith morphology for measuring marine fish biodiversity
JCR Impact Factor:1.757
Issue No.:7
Abstract:© 2016 CSIRO. To check the suitability of otoliths for measuring biodiversity, the contour and shape of the sulcus acusticus of sagittal otoliths were described using geometric morphological analysis. Thirteen and fourteen points were used to define these structures respectively. Three current coastal fish assemblages of the north-western Mediterranean were selected for the present study. The results demonstrate that the relative warps generated in the geometric analysis explained both characteristics related to contour and the otolith sulcus. A comparative study with body fish shape using morphospaces and clusters revealed that otolith shape is a better variable for explaining the ecological structure of a fish assemblage. Moreover, three morphological indices (morphological richness (MR), morphological disparity and the morphogeometric index) were estimated from relative warps of otoliths and were compared with ecological, taxonomic, functional and morphological (from body shape) indices. MR increased with functional diversity and average taxonomic distinctness, reflecting the ecological and taxonomic character of otolith morphology. These findings suggest that otoliths could be a useful tool for studying the diversity of present and past fish assemblages.

Related staff

  • Beatriz Morales Nin
  • Related research groups

  • Marine Ecosystems Dynamics