Detalles de la publicación.

Artículo

Año:2019
Autor(es):R. Jeanneret, D. Pushkin, M. Polin
Título:Confinement Enhances the Diversity of Microbial Flow Fields
Revista:PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS
ISSN:0031-9007
JCR Impact Factor:8.385
Volumen:123
Número:24
Páginas:248102
D.O.I.:10.1103/PhysRevLett.123.248102
Web:https://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.123.248102
Resumen:© 2019 American Physical Society.Despite their importance in many biological, ecological, and physical processes, microorganismal fluid flows under tight confinement have not been investigated experimentally. Strong screening of Stokelets in this geometry suggests that the flow fields of different microorganisms should be universally dominated by the 2D source dipole from the swimmer's finite-size body. Confinement therefore is poised to collapse differences across microorganisms, which are instead well established in bulk. We combine experiments and theoretical modeling to show that, in general, this is not correct. Our results demonstrate that potentially minute details like microswimmer spinning and the physical arrangement of the propulsion appendages have in fact a leading role in setting qualitative topological properties of the hydrodynamic flow fields of microswimmers under confinement. This is well captured by an effective 2D model, even under relatively weak confinement. These results imply that active confined hydrodynamics is much richer than in bulk and depends in a subtle manner on the size, shape, and propulsion mechanisms of the active components.

Departamentos relacionados

  • Biodiversidad Animal y Microbiana
  • Grupos de investigación relacionados

  • Dinámica de Ecosistemas Marinos