Publication details.

Paper

Year:2020
Author(s):J. Rando, J. Alcover, H. Pieper, S. Olson, C. Nayra Hernández, L. Felipe López-Jurado
Title:Unforeseen diversity of quails (Galliformes: Phasianidae: Coturnix) in oceanic islands provided by the fossil record of Macaronesia
Journal:ZOOLOGICAL JOURNAL OF THE LINNEAN SOCIETY
ISSN:0024-4082
JCR Impact Factor:3.286
Volume:188
Issue No.:4
Pages:1296-1317
D.O.I.:10.1093/zoolinnean/zlz107
Web:https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/zoolinnean/zlz107
Abstract:© 2019 The Linnean Society of London, Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society.The original bird fauna of most oceanic islands has been affected by recent extinction processes associated with human arrival and its subsequent impacts. In the volcanic Macaronesian archipelagos (Azores, Madeira, Selvagens, Canary Islands and Cape Verde), in the North Atlantic, the Late Quaternary fossil record indicates that there was formerly a higher avian diversity, including a high number of now extinct endemic species. This assemblage of extinct birds includes endemic insular quails (Galliformes: Phasianidae). In this study, we describe three newly discovered extinct species of quails, two of which inhabited the archipelago of Madeira (Coturnix lignorum sp. nov. from Madeira Island and Coturnix alabrevis sp. nov. from Porto Santo Island) and one from Cape Verde (Coturnix centensis sp. nov.). The fossil record also indicates the presence of additional species of extinct endemic quails on other Macaronesian islands. These birds plus the extinct Canary Island quail (Coturnix gomerae) indicate a high former endemic diversity of this genus in Macaronesia, a feature unique among oceanic archipelagos. Anatomical traits show that the new taxa were flightless ground dwellers, making them vulnerable to human interference, with their extinction being linked to human arrival and subsequent habitat alterations and the introduction of invasive species.

Related staff

  • Josep Antoni Alcover Tomàs
  • Related departments

  • Animal and Microbial Biodiversity
  • Related research groups

  • Ecology and Evolution