Publication details.

Paper

Year:2020
Author(s):C. Alejandre-Colomo, J. Harder, B. Fuchs, R. Rosselló-Móra, R. Amann
Title:High-throughput cultivation of heterotrophic bacteria during a spring phytoplankton bloom in the North Sea
Journal:SYSTEMATIC AND APPLIED MICROBIOLOGY
ISSN:0723-2020
JCR Impact Factor:4.022
Volume:43
Issue No.:2
Pages:126066
D.O.I.:10.1016/j.syapm.2020.126066
Web:https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.syapm.2020.126066
Abstract:© 2020 Elsevier GmbHOn-going studies of phytoplankton-bacterioplankton interactions at the long-term ecological research site Helgoland Roads have indicated that many of the heterotrophic bacterial taxa have not yet been cultivated. A high-throughput approach combining whole cell matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization – time of flight mass spectroscopy with 16S rRNA gene sequencing was applied to the spring bloom of 2016. Aiming at an assessment of cultivability during a spring bloom, cultivation on solid marine media had to be used since dilution to extinction would not have been feasible for a high-throughput approach, as performed in this study. A total of 5023 isolates were obtained from nine weekly samples on eight different solid media between the early-bloom and post-bloom periods. Most of the 4136 strains identified affiliated with Bacteroidetes (13.3%), Gammaproteobacteria (26.9%), Alphaproteobacteria (40.6%) and Actinobacteria (6.7%). Of the 271 operational phylogenetic units (OPUs) identified, 13 are likely to represent novel genera and 143 novel species. A comparison with 16S rRNA gene tag data indicated that most of the isolates were rather rare in surface waters, with the exception of five OPUs affiliating with Rhodobacteraceae, Polaribacter, Psychromonas and Pseudoalteromonas. The effort yielded many novel isolates, yet most of the abundant heterotrophic bacteria still remained elusive. The large strain collection obtained will not only provide insights into the succession of the cultivable fraction of the bacterioplankton, but also enable fine-tuned taxonomic and physiological follow-up studies for improving our knowledge on heterotrophic bacteria in North Sea waters.

Related staff

  • Ramon Rosselló Móra
  • Related departments

  • Animal and Microbial Biodiversity
  • Related research groups

  • Environmental Microbiology