Detalls de la publicació.

Article

Any:2021
Autor(s):M. Martorell-Barceló​, J. Mulet, J. Sanllehi, M. Signaroli, A. Lana, M. Barcelo-Serra, E. Aspillaga, J. Alós
Títol:Aggressiveness-related behavioural types in the pearly razorfish
Revista:PeerJ
ISSN:2167-8359
Volum:9
Pàgines:1-24
D.O.I.:10.7717/peerj.10731
Web:https://peerj.com/articles/10731/
Resum:Behavioural types (i.e., personalities or temperament) are defined as among individual differences in behavioural traits that are consistent over time and ecological contexts. Behavioural types are widespread in nature and play a relevant role in many ecological and evolutionary processes. In this work, we studied for the first time the consistency of individual aggressiveness in the pearly razorfish, Xyrichtys novacula, using a mirror test: a classic method to define aggressive behavioural types. The experiments were carried out in semi-natural behavioural arenas and monitored through a novel Raspberry Pi-based recording system. The experimental set up allowed us to obtain repeated measures of individual aggressivity scores during four consecutive days. The decomposition of the phenotypic variance revealed a significant repeatability score (R) of 0.57 [0.44–0.60], suggesting high predictability of individual behavioural variation and the existence of different behavioural types. Aggressive behavioural types emerged irrespective of body size, sex and the internal condition of the individual. Razorfishes are a ubiquitous group of fish species that occupy sedimentary habitats in most shallow waters of temperate and tropical seas. These species are known for forming strong social structures and playing a relevant role in ecosystem functioning. Therefore, our work provides novel insight into an individual behavioural component that may play a role in poorly known ecological and evolutionary processes occurring in this species.

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