Publication details.


Author(s):A. Lázaro, J. Seguí, L. Santamaría
Title:Continuous variation in herkogamy enhances the reproductive response of Lonicera implexa to spatial variation in pollinator assemblages
Journal:AoB Plants
JCR Impact Factor:3.276
Issue No.:1
Abstract:© 2019 The Author(s). Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Annals of Botany Company.Herkogamy, the spatial separation of sex organs in hermaphroditic plants, has been proposed as a mechanism to reduce self-pollination and the associated processes of inbreeding and gamete wastage. Longitudinal herkogamy is the most frequent type, with two subtypes: approach herkogamy (anthers below the stigma), which is associated with diverse pollinator arrays, and reverse herkogamy (anthers above the stigma), associated with specialized, long-tongued pollinators. By using a herkogamy index that varied continuously from negative (reverse herkogamy) to positive (approach herkogamy) values, we studied the effect of continuous variation in herkogamy on pollinator attraction, selfing capability and plant fitness across three populations of Lonicera implexa differing in the relative abundance of long-tongued vs. short-tongued pollinators. Reverse herkogamy was significantly more frequent in the population where long-tongued pollinators were dominant than in the other two populations. Agreeing with this, the main floral visitors of L. implexa individuals with small and large herkogamy index were, respectively, long-tongued and short-tongued pollinators. Spontaneous selfing was low and increased with increasing herkogamy index (i.e. with approach herkogamy), although most of it occurred when there was close distance between anthers and stigma. Fruit production was unrelated to the herkogamy index in the population with long-tongued pollinators, but it increased with approach herkogamy (higher herkogamy index) in the other two populations. In contrast, seeds of individuals with reverse herkogamy (smaller herkogamy indices) germinated better. In this species, continuous variation in herkogamy might function as a reproductive strategy, as different morphotypes might be favoured by different pollinator assemblages.

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